Friday, October 17, 2008

Jinning County

Jinning County is a , under the jurisdiction of Kunming Prefecture, Yunnan, .

The Shizhaishan Tombs , and the grave of Ma station Hazhi in the greater community Kunyang, the father of Zheng He, are since 2001 and 2006 respectively on the list the monuments of the People's Republic of China.


Jinghong is the capital of Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan , China, and the historic capital of the former Tai kingdom of Sipsongpanna.


Located between 100°25' - 101°31' East and 2127' - 2236' North. Yunnan Province borders Sichuan and Guizhou Provinces to the northeast, Tibet Autonomous Region to the northwest, and Guangxi Province to the west. Xishuangbanna borders Myanmar to the southwest and Laos to the southeast.

Population and area

Population: 363,110
Area: 7'003 km?


The city is limited to the south by Hengduan Shan Mountain Range, Lancang River passes by Jinghong. Two bridges near the city span this river, which flows south-east towards Laos.Climatically, Jinghong is between the tropical zone of China to the North, and the subtropical further South. The city receives humid monsoon climate, with extensive summer and virtually no winter. Annual Sunlight is 1800-2300 hours, average temperature of 18.6°C -21.9°C and annual rainfall of 1200-1700mm.


Yuan Dynasty

During the Chinese Yuan Dynasty, the Tai kingdom of Sipsongpanna began a close and long-lasting relationship to Lanna, another historic Tai kingdom that lay south. In 1296, Lanna's capital Chiang Mai was founded by Mangrai, who's maternal grandfather was King Rung Kaen Chai of Jinghong .

The kingdoms of Sipsongpanna and Lanna maintained ties of migration, intermarriage and long distance trade over the subsequent centuries, though later, as Lanna's power grew, parts of the Sipsongpanna region fell under Lanna's control.

Ming Dynasty

In 1401 during the Chinese Ming Dynasty, the Sipsongpanna Tai ruler Tau Se Da Xam attacked a smaller Tai area to the north known as Weiyuan . The Ming administration sought to retaliate but adopted a cautious response of diplomacy and Tau Se Da Xam withdrew his troops. About this period Sipsongpanna began to pay tribute to the Ming.

In 1405 the Sipsongpanna Tai attacked Chiang Mai, in conjunction with Ming Chinese troops.

In 1421 the Chinese attempted to cause a split in Sipsongpanna by backing multiple administrations during a period of civil strife, but their plan failed to succeed.

1448 saw the defeat of Muong Mao, a Tai state in eastern Burma, by a combination of Chinese, Sipsongpanna and allied forces united under the Ming.

In the 1450s another struggle for succession arose in Sipsongpanna, with one faction backed by Kengtung and one by Chiang Mai. Despite the Kengtung faction's victory, conflict started with that state shortly afterwards.

The Burmese Toungoo state arose in the 1530s to crush Chiang Mai, and its influence also extended to Kengtung and Sipsongpanna, which like other Tai kingdoms soon began to pay tribute.


*Xishuangbanna Gasa Airport

Places of interest

The Dai and nearby villages of that and other ethnic groups are the main attractions. Additionally, at least three botanical parks and gardens and are located in or near the city.

Jinggu Dai and Yi Autonomous County

Jinggu Dai and Yi Autonomous County is located in Prefecture, Yunnan, China.

Jingdong Yi Autonomous County

Jingdong Yi Autonomous County is located in Prefecture, Yunnan, China.

Jianshui County

Jianshui County is a city in prefecture, Yunnan , China. It was historic center of the province and remains an important transportation crossroad.


To the east lies Jijie, to the west Shiping, to the southeast Gejiu and , to the north Tonghai.

Tourist attractions

*''Chao Yang Lou'' , which is now preserved on a roundabout in the middle of town.
*''Hutong''s or 'old neighbourhoods' with cobbled streets and stone wells.
*Temple of Confucius, Jianshui - apparently the second largest Confucian temple in China, after that of Qufu, Shandong, Confucius' home town.
*Seventeen Span Bridge , a Ming Dynasty bridge outside of the town
*The restored Qing Dynasty mansion and garden of a wealthy family.
*At least one ancient tower.

Jiangchuan County

Jiangchuan County is located in Yuxi, Yunnan Province, China.

Jiangcheng Hani and Yi Autonomous County

Jiangcheng Hani and Yi Autonomous County is located in Prefecture, Yunnan, China.